Metals and ceramics are the most widely applied materials for engineering applications, spanning from basic structural purposes to advanced functions (e.g. electronics). Being metal science a mature research field, many challenges are still open: from the development of light alloys with improved strength-to-weight ratio for advanced applications (e.g. in the aerospace field), to the development of innovative manufacturing and processing methodologies with improved efficiency and environmental impact, to the investigation of the resistance of materials (e.g. to corrosion) in extreme environmental conditions. In this field, CSGI contribution combines a physicochemical perspective with an engineering view, thus addressing these issuse with an innovative approach. Thanks to their specific unsurpassed characteristics (e.g. extremely high hardness, refractoriness, piezoelectric, magnetic, electrical properties) ceramic materials are among the most widely studied systems for advanced applications. In this field, CSGI contribution is specifically devoted to the development of new ceramics for electrochemical applications. Specifically, CSGI activity is aimed at the characterization and optimization of the physico-chemical properties of these materials, to put into evidence the relationships among crystal structure, properties, synthesis method, doping and electrochemical performances.